Is Linux is an OS or Not??
For the purpose of writing this article, I’m going to use a different definition of “Operating system”.There are other definitions and I’m not claiming that this is the right one.
An Operating system is a unit of software that you can install on a computer and will let you use the computer, thought a set of utilities or a program in one way or the other.
An operating system is for humans while the kernel is for programs. All this to have a term which I’ll use to rant against the following kind of statements (taken from David Herron’s Blog):
[…] at the moment I’m thinking of how I see tutorial articles like Setting default editor in ubuntu.. or …CPU frequency in Ubuntu .. or Hyper HQ on ubuntu .7.40 .. and while it’s cool there’s a lot of tutorials on doing X or Y or Z with ubuntu (my preferred distro) why is the tutorial specifically for Ubuntu? Why isn’t the tutorial for Linux? Why are tutorials for Ubuntu incompatible with Redhat or Suse or the other distros?
The answer is because: because Linux is not an operating system, it a kernel. Except for the kernel, the rest of those Linux based operating systems are different. Those tutorials are always specific to an operating system (even when you leave the realm of Linux-based OSs). If you consider FreeBSD to be an operating system which is also a different operating system then OpenBSD, then Ubuntu Debian, Redhat, and SUSE should also be considered different operating systems. Otherwise, you should be using double standards
.Linux is a family of free, and open-source software operating system, built around the Linux kernel. Typically, Linux is packaged in a form known as Linux distribution (or distro for short) for both desktop and server use. The defining component of Linux distribution is Linux kernel, an operating system kernel first release on September 17, 1991, by Torvalds Linus. Many Linus distribution uses “Linux” in their name. The Free Software Foundation uses the name GNU/Linux to refer to the operating system family as well as specific distributions to emphasize that most Linux distribution is not just the Linux kernel and that they have in common not only the kernel but also numerous utilities and libraries, a large proportion of which from GNU project
Linux was originally developed for personal computer based on the Intel x86 architecture but has since been ported to more platforms than any other operating system. Because of the dominance of the Linux kernel-based Android OS on smartphones, Linux has the largest installed base of all general purpose Operating System . Linux is also the leading operating system on servers and other big iron systems such as mainframe computers, and the only OS used on TOP500 computers (since November 2017, having before gradually eliminated all competitors). It is used by around 2.3% of desktop computers.
The Chromebook, which runs the Linux kernel-based Chrome OS, dominates the US K-12 education market and represents nearly 20% of the sub-$300 notebook sales in the US. Linux also runs on embedded systems, i.e. devices whose operating is typically built into the firmware and is highly tailored to the system. This includes Tivo and similar DVR devices, network routers, facility automation controls, televisions, video game consoles, and smartwatches. Many smartphones and tablet computers run Android and other Linux derivatives.
So after all this, I summarize my words by saying that Linux is a kernel distributed with a GNU base software, So we say that it is Kernal without utilities and GNU packages. Many Linux Os are available like Ubuntu, Kali, Android, Arch Linux, Debian GNU/Linux, Gentoo Linux, Kubuntu, Mandriva Linux, RedHat Linux and many more.