The Slim a Micro Framework for PHP
Are you a PHP developer who is tired of long texts of code and wants to try new frameworks? In this article, I am eager to introduce you to Slim, a PHP framework that is designed specifically for the fast development of APIs and web applications. No question, Symfony, and Laravel are great tools as well, but sometimes you just need a minimum number of tools that will do anything you want. Here is where “micro” frameworks come in hand. “Micro” frameworks include a group of minimal requirements necessary for building a web application.
Slim is a PHP micro-framework that help PHP developers quickly write a simple yet powerful web application and API’s. Think of it as a core set of tools with which a developer can build amazing things.
Slim was a precursor to the popular micro framework movement that took off in 2013 and continues to be a popular ideology today. A “micro” framework is a collection of bare necessities required to build a web application. Typically, a micro framework facilitates receiving an HTTP request, routing the HTTP request to an appropriate controller, this patching the controller and returning an HTTP response. Slim takes this to a few steps forward and also provide additional tools to manipulate the HTTP response as well as very extensible middleware implementation. It is famous because of the following features:
- HTTP caching for improved website performance and using less cache
- Secured cookies for improving the security of the system.
- Error handling and debugging for easy testing.
- Dependency injection for controlling external tools
- Fast and powerful HTTP routing for designing SEO-friendly URLs.
Advantages of choosing a Slim micro-framework:
- Slim is the fastest micro RESTful framework
- It is a full PSR-7 complaint
- It comes with useful classes for managing requests, responses, cookies, etc.
- Slim framework has good documentation
- It has excellent scalability
- Is easy to learn
- Slim uses easy and straightforward concept for its middleware
- It supports code hooks
Comparing slim with other micro-frameworks:
I’m going to explain some of its features that are as follows:
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HTTP router is one of the main advantages and the reason Slim was created. It has a fast and powerful router that maps route callbacks to specific HTTP request methods and URIs. Slime supports parameters and pattern matching. Moreover, Slim’s routing supports HTTP verbs like “Update” “Delete,” “Post” and “Get” which allow programmers to create SEO optimized URLs.
For manipulating the Request and Response objects, a slim developer can write the code before and after the Slim application. This is the idea of middleware; it helps to protect applications for cross-site requests and authenticate requests before running applications. Building applications with middleware, tweak the HTTP requests and response objects around the Slim app.
So here is how middleware works: Slim adds middleware as layers around the core application. After that, the structure expands, adding new middleware layers. The last middleware layer added is the first to be executed.
Another advantage of the Slim framework is that it supports any PSR-7 HTTP message implementation. It allows you to inspect and operate the HTTP message method, status, URI, headers, cookies, and body. Slim works with its own PSR-7, but in case you want to, you are free to replace default objects with a third-party implementation.
PHP Dependency Injection was introduced to Slim in Version 3. It allows the Slim developer to have full control over external tools, and to use any Container-Interop container. When you are building several routes, writing a code can be really messy. Watch this course about Controller and Dependency Injection to learn how to set up a controller, use classes, dependency injection, and use of the container.
At the end, I want to summarize my words by saying that no doubt there are so many frameworks available for PHP, but slim is such a framework that is an amazing framework that is lightweight, and everything is in your hand like clay, it on you in what shape you want to mould it.